Calcutta’s High Court

Calcutta’s High Court

Calcutta’s High Court

Witness of the law reforms in the country and a symbol of preserved heritage of India, modern day’s Kolkata have the oldest high court of the country on its grounds.  It is among the oldest building of the city and till date has its dignity maintained in the field of law as well as architecture of the past.


It was established in the year 1862, and is among the three high courts which were established at the Presidency Town by Letters Patent granted by the Majesty of Queen Victoria and is now the oldest high court of the country. Under the High Court’s Act of 1861, it was established as the high court of Judicature at Fort William.

The jurisdiction of the court extends over the Indian state of West Bengal and also over the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar islands. The principal seat of the Calcutta high court is at Kolkata in West Bengal. However, it extends into Port Blair, capital of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Jalpaiguri in the north Bengal region of the state.

Despite the city’s name was changed to Kolkata in the year 2001 the building still retains its name as Calcutta High Court.

Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court:

The current acting Chief Justice of the court is Mr. Biswanath Somadder. He swore the oath on 1st January 2019. The court has witnessed more than forty Chief Justices, from the time it was established. An acting judge at this high court serves until the retirement age of 62 years.

The building of Calcutta High Court:

It took ten years for the court to be constructed to what we see today. It was designed by the government architect Walter Granville and is based on Cloth Hall, Ypres in Belgium.

How to reach:

The high court is located in BBD bagh in Kolkata, West Bengal. One can reach by means of roads, railways and air as well. The nearest railway station to the court is Sealdah Railway Station and the nearest airport is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport.

Working hours of the High Court:

The court is functional on all days of the week except Saturday and Sunday apart from the public holidays scheduled in the country. The session begins at 10:30 in the morning and is functional till 4:30 in the evening.

By Sugandha Singh on January 30, 2019

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